ISSN 1016-5169 | E-ISSN 1308-4488
Archives of the Turkish Society of Cardiology
Heart failure and sleep apnea [Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars]
Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2010; 38(2): 135-143

Heart failure and sleep apnea

Dursun Dursunoglu1, Nese Dursunoglu2
1Pamukkale University Medical Faculty Department of Cardiology, Denizli- Turkey
2Pamukkale University Medical Faculty, Departmet of Chest, Denizli, Turkey

Sleep-disordered breathing is one of the important factors contributing to the development and/or progression of heart failure (HF). This condition is related to recurring attacks of apnea, hypopnea, and hyperpnea, sleep disruptions, arousals, intermittent hypoxemia, hypocapnia, and hypercapnia, and intrathoracic pressure changes. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is characterized by recurrent upper airway obstruction (apnea and hypopnea), increased breathing effort against totally or partially occluded upper airway, and sleep disruptions. Cardiovascular consequences are the most serious complications of OSA and include acute myocardial infarction, heart failure, left/right ventricular dysfunction, arrhythmias, stroke, and systemic and pulmonary hypertension. Cheyne-Stokes respiration and central apneas may also occur in patients with HF. This article reviews the most recent information on the physiopathology, diagnosis, and treatment modalities of obstructive and central apneas in patients with HF.

Keywords: Cheyne-Stokes Respiration, heart failure, sleep apnea, obstructive/complications/therapy

How to cite this article
Dursun Dursunoglu, Nese Dursunoglu. Heart failure and sleep apnea. Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2010; 38(2): 135-143

Corresponding Author: Dursun Dursunoglu, Türkiye
Manuscript Language: Turkish


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