ISSN 1016-5169 | E-ISSN 1308-4488
Archives of the Turkish Society of Cardiology
Intracardiac echocardiography-guided device closure of atrial septal defects: our initial experience [Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars]
Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2011; 39(6): 474-478 | DOI: 10.5543/tkda.2011.01576

Intracardiac echocardiography-guided device closure of atrial septal defects: our initial experience

Emre Akkaya1, Ertan Vuruşkan1, İbrahim Aksoy1, İdris Ardıç1, Mehmet Küçükosmanoğlu1, Orhan Özer2
1Gaziantep State Hospital, Cardiology Department, Gaziantep, Turkey
2Department of Cardiology, Gaziantep University, Gaziantep, Turkey

Although intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) has long been used for various cardiologic interventions, its utilization has been quite limited in Turkey. We assessed our experience with the use of ICE during transcatheter closure of secundum atrial septal defects (ASD).

Fourteen patients (8 females, 6 males; mean age 34 years; range 15 to 62 years) underwent transcatheter device closure of ASD with ICE guidance. Before the procedure, 13 patients were examined by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). Intracardiac echocardiography was used to evaluate the interatrial septum, defect size, the relationship of the septal occluder with neighboring structures before its release, and residual shunts after device release.

Using short- and long-axis ICE images, the anteroposterior and superoinferior rims of the ASD, coronary sinus, and pulmonary vein openings were successfully visualized in all the patients. Defect diameters measured by ICE were closely correlated with those measured by TEE (97%) and balloon sizing (95%). The defects were closed successfully in 13 patients; the procedure was terminated in one patient due to the prolapse of both discs into the left atrium. There was no procedural complication. One patient experienced gastrointestinal hemorrhage that required blood transfusion two days after the procedure. No residual shunts were observed on follow-up transthoracic echocardiographic examinations one and six months after the procedure.

Having high image quality and color Doppler features, ICE is quite functional in determining defect size, position of the septal occluder and its relationship with neighboring structures; thus, it is a reliable alternative to TEE which is used routinely in transcatheter closure of ASDs.

Keywords: Echocardiography, transesophageal, heart catheterization;heart septal defects, atrial/therapy/ultrasonography; ultrasonography, interventional.

How to cite this article
Emre Akkaya, Ertan Vuruşkan, İbrahim Aksoy, İdris Ardıç, Mehmet Küçükosmanoğlu, Orhan Özer. Intracardiac echocardiography-guided device closure of atrial septal defects: our initial experience. Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2011; 39(6): 474-478

Corresponding Author: Emre Akkaya, Türkiye
Manuscript Language: Turkish

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