ISSN 1016-5169 | E-ISSN 1308-4488
Archives of the Turkish Society of Cardiology
Low HDL-C in Turks: genetic/lifestyle interactions modulate plasma levels [Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars]
Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2005; 33(7): 381-391

Low HDL-C in Turks: genetic/lifestyle interactions modulate plasma levels

Robert W.Mahley1, Guy M.Pépin1, Thomas P.Bersot1, Zümrüt Algan1, Erhan Palaoğlu1

Many studies have shown that extremely low high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels (mean ~36 mg/dl in men; ~42 mg/dl in women) constitute a prime coronary heart disease (CHD) risk factor in Turks. We reviewed three separate cohorts of Istanbul residents surveyed over the past 14 years and evaluated trends in risk factors for CHD in men and women during this period.
The study subjects were healthy Turkish residents of Istanbul ?20 years of age. Subjects recruited in 1996-2000 (n=828) and in 2003 (n=1100) were compared with the original Istanbul cohort (n=2686) of the Turkish Heart Study, recruited in 1990-1993.
The mean HDL-C level increased from 45.3±9.5 mg/dl in 1990-1993 to 49.7±12.0 mg/dl in 2003 in women (p<0.0001). In 2003, university-educated women had markedly higher mean HDL-C levels than women with a primary school or less education (56±9 mg/dl versus 48±12 mg/dl, p<0.0001). Consistent with this difference, highly educated women with higher HDL-C levels had a lower body mass index (mean 25.6±4.9 kg/m2 versus 29.7±5.1 kg/m2), smaller waist circumference, smoked less, and exercised more. Among men, the HDL-C distributions were very similar in both the 1990-1993 and 2003 cohorts (38.3±8.3 mg/dl versus 39.3±9.8 mg/dl, respectively). There was no significant difference in terms of HDL-C distribution between men with higher and lower levels of education.
Data from the three cohorts show that, although genetically determined to a great extent, low HDL-C levels can be modulated by lifestyle factors. Higher levels of education are associated with a 10% to 15% increase in the HDL-C levels of women. However, the lack of an association between educational level and HDL-C in men remains to be explained.

Keywords: Cohort studies; coronary disease/epidemiology; educational status; female; life style; lipoproteins, HDL cholesterol/blood; risk factors; socioeconomic factors; Turkey

How to cite this article
Robert W.Mahley, Guy M.Pépin, Thomas P.Bersot, Zümrüt Algan, Erhan Palaoğlu. Low HDL-C in Turks: genetic/lifestyle interactions modulate plasma levels. Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2005; 33(7): 381-391
Manuscript Language: Turkish

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