Archives of the Turkish Society of Cardiology
Acute pericarditis and transient erythroblastopenia associated with human parvovirus B19 infection [Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars]
Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2010; 38(5): 349-351

Acute pericarditis and transient erythroblastopenia associated with human parvovirus B19 infection

Yakup Ergül1, Kemal Nişli1, Fatih Keleşoğlu2, Aygün Dindar1
1Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Istanbul University, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey
2Department of Pediatrics, Istanbul University, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey

We report on an eight-year-old girl with acute pericarditis and transient erythroblastopenia associated with human parvovirus B19 (PVB19) infection. The patient presented with complaints of fever, chest pain, fatigue, and shortness of breath. On physical examination, she had tachycardia, hepatomegaly, and muffled heart sounds. Teleradiography exhibited cardiomegaly and echocardiography showed a pericardial effusion of 25 mm. Serum anti-PVB19 IgM and PVB19 DNA were positive. The patient developed anemia and reticulocytopenia in the second week, both of which persisted for two weeks then resolved spontaneously. At the end of three months, pericardial effusion resolved, hemoglobin and hematocrit levels were normal, and serum anti-PVB19 IgM was negative. This case represents the first report of acute pericarditis associated with PVB19 infection in a pediatric patient.

Keywords: Anemia/virology, erythroblasts, parvovirus B19, human; pericarditis/virology

How to cite this article
Yakup Ergül, Kemal Nişli, Fatih Keleşoğlu, Aygün Dindar. Acute pericarditis and transient erythroblastopenia associated with human parvovirus B19 infection. Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2010; 38(5): 349-351

Corresponding Author: Aygün Dindar, Türkiye
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