ISSN 1016-5169 | E-ISSN 1308-4488
Severe obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy occurring secondary to mitochondrial disease [Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars]
Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2009; 37(5): 332-336

Severe obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy occurring secondary to mitochondrial disease

Cemil İzgi1, Cihan Çevik2, Ruken Bengi Bakal3, Mehmet Özkan4
1Department of Cardiology, Gaziosmanpaşa Hospital, İstanbul
2Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Internal Medicine, Lubbock, TX, USA
3Department of Cardiology, Acıbadem Hospital, İstanbul
4Department of Cardiology, Kartal Koşuyolu Heart and Research Hospital, İstanbul

Mitochondrial disorders have been recognized as important secondary causes of cardiomyopathies. Differentiation of these cases from primary cardiomyopathies is important since the pathogenesis, accompanying systemic manifestations, and prognosis may be different. The typical cardiac manifestation of mitochondrial disorders is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. We report on an 11-year-old girl with severe obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and mild myopathy of the lower extremities. Surgical left ventricular septal myectomy was performed and ragged red fibers typical of mitochondrial disorders were detected on histological examination of the resected myocardial sample. Subsequent electron microscopic examination revealed ultrastructurally abnormal mitochondria in the skeletal muscle biopsy, though respiratory chain enzyme analysis was normal. Cardiomyopathy may be the presenting or the sole manifestation of a mitochondrial disorder. Nonobstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy has been considered to be the typical cardiac phenotype of mitochondrial disorders, and cases with left ventricular outflow tract obstruction have only rarely been reported.

Keywords: Cardiomyopathy, hypertrophic/etiology, child, echocardiography; ventricular outflow obstruction/pathology; mitochondrial diseases/complications.

How to cite this article
Cemil İzgi, Cihan Çevik, Ruken Bengi Bakal, Mehmet Özkan. Severe obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy occurring secondary to mitochondrial disease. Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2009; 37(5): 332-336

Corresponding Author: Cemil İzgi, Türkiye
Manuscript Language: English

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