Recommendations for transoesophageal echocardiography: EACVI update 2014 [Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars]
Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2014; 42(3): 1-16

Recommendations for transoesophageal echocardiography: EACVI update 2014

Frank A. Flachskampf1, Patrick F. Wouters2, Thor Edvardsen3, Artur Evangelista4, Gilbert Habib5, Piotr Hoffman6, Rainer Hoffmann7, Patrizio Lancellotti8, Mauro Pepi9
1Uppsala University, Institute for Medicinska Vetenskap is, Akademisk to Sjukhuset, Ingang 40, Schedule 5, 75 185 in Uppsala, Sweden
2Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine Department, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
3Department of Cardiology, Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet, Oslo, Norway
4Vall d'Hebron University, Barcelona, Spain
5Cardiology, Timone Hospital, Marseille, France
6Congenital Heart Disease Department, Cardiology Institute, Warsaw, Poland
7Medical Clinic I, University Hospital Aachen, Aachen, Germany
8Cardiology, Cardiovascular Sciences, GIGA, Heart Valve Clinic, University Hospital Sart Tilman, University Hospital of Liege, Liege, Belgium
9Centro Cardiologico Monzino, IRCCS, Milan, Italy

With this document, we updatethe recommendations for transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE) ofthe European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging. The documentfocusses on the areas of interventional TOE, in particular transcatheteraortic, mitral, andleft atrial appendage interventions, as well as on the roleof TOE ininfectiveendocarditis, adult congenital heart disease, and aortic disease.

Keywords: Transoesophageal echocardiography, 3D echo, interventional echocardiography

How to cite this article
Frank A. Flachskampf, Patrick F. Wouters, Thor Edvardsen, Artur Evangelista, Gilbert Habib, Piotr Hoffman, Rainer Hoffmann, Patrizio Lancellotti, Mauro Pepi. Recommendations for transoesophageal echocardiography: EACVI update 2014. Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2014; 42(3): 1-16

Corresponding Author: Frank A. Flachskampf, Sweden
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