Evaluation of endothelial functions in patients with Behcet’s disease without overt vascular involvement [Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars]
Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2012; 40(6): 518-522 | DOI: 10.5543/tkda.2012.43078

Evaluation of endothelial functions in patients with Behcet’s disease without overt vascular involvement

Selen Yurdakul1, Vefa Aslı Erdemir2, Yelda Tayyareci1, Özlem Yıldırımtürk1, Mehmet Salih Gürel2, Saide Aytekin1
1Department of Cardiology, Florence Nightingale Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey
2Department of Dermatology, Istanbul Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey


OBJECTIVES
Behcet’s disease (BD) is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by recurrent oral and genital ulcerations and ocular lesions. This multisystemic disorder primarily affects the vascular system. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate vascular endothelial function in patients with Behcet’ s disease without vascular involvement.

STUDY DESIGN
We studied 40 patients with BD (44.9±5.4 years) and 20 healthy controls (45.4±8.2 years). Brachial artery Doppler ultrasonography (USG) and bilateral carotid artery intima-media thickness measurements were performed.

RESULTS
Basal diameter of the brachial artery were similar between the two groups. However, flow-mediated dilation was markedly impaired in patients with Behcet’ s disease (p=0.03). Nitrate-induced dilation values were similar between the two groups (p=0.16). Carotid artery intima-media thickness was slightly increased in the patient group compared to the control group, but the difference did not reach statistical significance (0.69±0.15 to 0.59±0.09 respectively; p=0.06).

CONCLUSION
Vascular endothelial function is impaired in BD. Brachial artery Doppler USG is a reliable and reproducible method to establish changes in vascular functions.

Keywords: Behcet syndrome/ultrasonography, carotid intima-media thickness; echocardiography, Doppler, pulsed; endothelium, vascular; ventricular dysfunction

How to cite this article
Selen Yurdakul, Vefa Aslı Erdemir, Yelda Tayyareci, Özlem Yıldırımtürk, Mehmet Salih Gürel, Saide Aytekin. Evaluation of endothelial functions in patients with Behcet’s disease without overt vascular involvement. Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2012; 40(6): 518-522

Corresponding Author: Saide Aytekin, Türkiye
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