ISSN 1016-5169 | E-ISSN 1308-4488
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Factors affecting left ventricular synchronicity in hypertensive patients: are arterial stiffness and central blood pressures influential? [Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars]
Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2012; 40(7): 581-588 | DOI: 10.5543/tkda.2012.27474

Factors affecting left ventricular synchronicity in hypertensive patients: are arterial stiffness and central blood pressures influential?

Abdulkadir Kırış1, Gülhanım Kırış2, Kayıhan Karaman3, Mürsel Şahin1, Ömer Gedikli1, Şahin Kaplan1, Asım Örem4, Merih Kutlu1, Zeynep Kazaz5
1Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, Turkey
2Department of Cardiology, Ahi Evren Cardiovascular And Thoracic Surgery Training And Research Hospital, Trabzon, Turkey
3Cardiology Clinic, Kahramanmaraş State Hospital, Kahramanmaraş, Turkey
4Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, Turkey
5Cardiology Clinic, of State Hospital, Of, Trabzon, Turkey


OBJECTIVES
Left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony is a common finding in patients with hypertension and is associated with LV hypertrophy. Arterial stiffness (AS) and central (aortic) blood pressures play a significant role in end-organ damage such as LV hypertrophy caused by hypertension. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between AS, central blood pressures (BP) and LV dyssynchrony.

STUDY DESIGN
Thirty-five newly diagnosed hypertensive patients and 40 controls were enrolled in the study. The entire study population underwent a comprehensive echocardiographic study including tissue synchrony imaging. The 12 segmental model was used to measure the time to regional peak systolic tissue velocity (Ts) in the LV and two dyssynchrony indices were computed. Parameters of AS including pulse wave velocity (PWV), augmentation index (AIx@75), and central systolic and diastolic BP were evaluated by applanation tonometry.

RESULTS
The baseline clinical and echocardiographic parameters of both groups were similar except for their BPs. Dyssynchrony indices were prolonged in patients with hypertension as compared to the controls. The standart deviation of Ts of 12 LV segments in patients with hypertension and the controls were 48.7±18.8 vs. 25.8±13.1, respectively (p<0.001), and the maximal difference in Ts between any 2 of 12 LV segments was 143.9±52.2 for hypertension patients vs. 83.8±39.4 for controls (p<0.001). PWV (11.9±2.5 vs. 9.5±1.4, p<0.001), AIx@75 (27.4±8.3 vs. 18.3±9, p=0.009), and central systolic (147.6±20.8 vs. 105.4±11, p<0.001) and diastolic (99.8±14.4 vs. 72.8±9.5, p<0.001) pressures were higher in patients with hypertension than in the controls, respectively. In multivariable analysis, central systolic BP (β=0.496, p=0.03), LV mass index (β=0.232, p=0.027), and body mass index (β=0.308, p=0.002) were found to be independently related to dyssynchrony.

CONCLUSION
Central systolic BP is an independent predictor of LV dyssynchrony, but AIx@75 did not have an independent effect on LV synchronicity in patients with newly-diagnosed hypertension.

Keywords: Blood flow velocity, blood pressure; body mass index; echocardiography, Doppler/methods; heart failure/epidemiology; hypertension; hypertrophy, left ventricular; pulse wave velocity; vascular resistance; ventricular dysfunction, left/etiology

How to cite this article
Abdulkadir Kırış, Gülhanım Kırış, Kayıhan Karaman, Mürsel Şahin, Ömer Gedikli, Şahin Kaplan, Asım Örem, Merih Kutlu, Zeynep Kazaz. Factors affecting left ventricular synchronicity in hypertensive patients: are arterial stiffness and central blood pressures influential?. Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2012; 40(7): 581-588

Corresponding Author: Abdulkadir Kırış, Türkiye
Manuscript Language: English


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