Prevalence of Risk Factors in Patients with Angiographically Demonstrated Coronary Artery Disease [Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars]
Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2002; 30(3): 191-198

Prevalence of Risk Factors in Patients with Angiographically Demonstrated Coronary Artery Disease

Kenan SÖNMEZ1, Ahmet AKÇAY1, Murat GENÇBAY1, Mustafa AKÇAKOYUN1, Durmuş DEMİR1, Orhan Hakan ELÖNÜ1, Selçuk PALA1, Nilüfer Ekşi DURAN1, Muzaffer DEĞERTEKİN1, Fikret TURAN1

The aim of our study is to determine the prevalence of risk factors among subjects who have an angiographically proven CAD, look into the age-and sex- specific distribution of these factors and to compare it with those of the EUROASPIRE I study. Our patients comprises 617 consecutive subjects (516 male, mean age 57.2±10.8) who underwent an angiography between January and May, 2000, for the first time and in whom significant coronary lesions were detected. Age, gender, family history of premature CAD (FH), diabetes mellitus (DM), hypertension (HT), lipid profile, smoking, body mass index, waist circumference, hip circumference and physical activity data were recorded prior to angiography. Subjects between 40 and 70 years of age were divided into 10-year age groups and distribution of risk factors was evaluated for each age group. Data thus obtained were compared with the results of EUROASPIRE I trial, which studied the frequency of existing risk factors among CAD patients at presentation in nine European countries. Coronary artery disease was found to occur most frequently in male patients between the ages of 50-59, and in female patients, between 60-69 years of age. Hyperlipidemia, FH, DM, HT, smoking, obesity, and central obesity were found in 58%, 26%, 20%, 41%, 65%, 18%, 29% of patients, respectively. Upon comparison of the risk factors, prevalence of obesity and DM was found to be similar to the average of nine European countries among our subjects; on the other hand, smoking was found to be considerably higher, whereas HT, hyperlipidemia and family history of premature CAD were lower than the European average within our subjects.


How to cite this article
Kenan SÖNMEZ, Ahmet AKÇAY, Murat GENÇBAY, Mustafa AKÇAKOYUN, Durmuş DEMİR, Orhan Hakan ELÖNÜ, Selçuk PALA, Nilüfer Ekşi DURAN, Muzaffer DEĞERTEKİN, Fikret TURAN. Prevalence of Risk Factors in Patients with Angiographically Demonstrated Coronary Artery Disease. Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2002; 30(3): 191-198
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