Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2007; 35(4): 237-241
The effectiveness of intraventricular pulsed Doppler E-wave dispersion in assessing diastolic functions of patients with atrial fibrillation
Eyüp Aygül, Özcan Yılmaz, Mustafa Yazıcı, Korhan Soylu
, Firdovsi İbrahimov, Muharrem Arslandağ, Sabri Demircan, Osman Yeşildağ
Department Of Cardiology, Ondokuzmayıs University, Samsun, Turkey
OBJECTIVES We investigated the effectiveness of intraventricular E-wave dispersion in assessing diastolic functions in patients with atrial fibrillation.
STUDY DESIGN The study included 51 patients (32 females, 19 males; mean age 66±10 years) with atrial fibrillation. The patients were divided into two groups according to the presence (n=31; 60.8%) or absence (n=20; 39.2%) of diastolic dysfunction defined by propagation velocities (Vp) of <0.45 m/s and ≥0.45 m/s, respectively, determined by color M-mode Doppler echocardiography. Regional peak E-wave velocities were measured with pulsed wave Doppler echocardiography at every 1 cm from the mitral valve annulus to the left ventricular apex.
RESULTS The highest and the lowest E-wave velocities were measured at E1 position (E velocity at 1 cm) and at E3 position (E velocity at 3 cm) in both groups, respectively. E2 and E3 velocities were significantly lower in patients with diastolic dysfunction (p<0.01 and p<0.001, respectively). It was noted that, in patients without diastolic dysfunction, the E-wave velocity measured at the mitral annulus was preserved even 3 cm away from the annulus in the left ventricular cavity (E0: 0.93±0.21 m/sec, E3: 0.87±0.25 m/sec; p=0.166). In contrast, regional E-wave velocities decreased significantly toward the apex in patients with diastolic dysfunction (E0: 0.87±0.20 m/sec, E3: 0.66±0.18 m/sec; p<0.001).
CONCLUSION Our results demonstrate that intraventricular E-wave dispersion may be helpful in determining diastolic dysfunction in patients with atrial fibrillation.
Atrial fibrillation/ultrasonography, blood flow velocity; diastole/physiology; echocardiography, Doppler, color; ventricular dysfunction, left/ultrasonography
How to cite this article
Eyüp Aygül, Özcan Yılmaz, Mustafa Yazıcı, Korhan Soylu, Firdovsi İbrahimov, Muharrem Arslandağ, Sabri Demircan, Osman Yeşildağ. The effectiveness of intraventricular pulsed Doppler E-wave dispersion in assessing diastolic functions of patients with atrial fibrillation. Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2007; 35(4): 237-241
Corresponding Author: Korhan Soylu, Türkiye