Prevalence, Recent Trend and Risk for Coronary death of Smoking Among Turkish Men and Women: 5-year Follow-up Data of Cohort [Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars]
Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 1996; 24(4): 243-250

Prevalence, Recent Trend and Risk for Coronary death of Smoking Among Turkish Men and Women: 5-year Follow-up Data of Cohort

Altan ONAT1, Kenan DÖNMEZ1, İbrahim KELEŞ1, Barış ÖKÇÜN1, Göksel KAHRAMAN1, Dursun DURSUNOĞLU1, Vedat SANSOY1

Among survivors of the nationwide cardiac survey conducted in the summer of 1990, 1102 women and 1058 men were followed up 5 years later in regard to the smoking habit. The same classification was adhered to during the interview with questionnaire in both surveys: never smoked, ex-smokers, current daily smokers of 1-10, 11-20 and over 20 cigarettes. In the cohort whose median age in 1995 was 44 in women and 45 in men, it was estimated that aging by 5 years would induce 31 men (or 34 women) per 1000 adults to reduce smoking by one category. In fact per I 000 men reduced smoking by a mean of 1.7 category which indicated that, after adjustment for agin, 36 per 1000 Turkish men reduced smoking in the preceding 5 years by 2 categories (equivalent to quitting for someone smoking close to a pack a day). By contrast, 43 per 1000 women started sm o king by a m ean of I .32 categories daily w hi ch, when age-adjusted, implies that 64 per 1000 Turkish 198 women increased smoking by an average of 1.5 categories. This trend was pronounced in the age group of average of I .5 categories. This trend w as pronounced in the age group of 25-34 years. Hence, it is estimated that between 1990 and I 995, total cigarette consumption by adults remained stable, smoking men currently numbering over 8 millions and women 3.6 millions. Among 575 nonsmokers aged 40 or over at baseline, 18 (3 .ı %) di ed from coronary heart disease over the subsequent 5 years, while 603 age-matched smokers and ex-smokers had 80 % excess risk (p<0.04), namely 5.6 percent The magnitude of the relative risk was in conformity with data obtained in industrialized populations.


How to cite this article
Altan ONAT, Kenan DÖNMEZ, İbrahim KELEŞ, Barış ÖKÇÜN, Göksel KAHRAMAN, Dursun DURSUNOĞLU, Vedat SANSOY. Prevalence, Recent Trend and Risk for Coronary death of Smoking Among Turkish Men and Women: 5-year Follow-up Data of Cohort. Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 1996; 24(4): 243-250
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