Comparison of coronary artery dimensions in patients with chronic aortic regurgitation or stenosis [Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars]
Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2016; 44(8): 656-662 | DOI: 10.5543/tkda.2016.25852

Comparison of coronary artery dimensions in patients with chronic aortic regurgitation or stenosis

Hamza Sunman1, Mehmet Erat1, Kadriye Gayretli Yayla1, Engin Algül1, Mehmet Aytürk2, Lale Dinç Asarcıklı1, Murat Bilgin1, Tolga Çimen1, Ahmet Akyel1, Sadık Açıkel1, Mehmet Doğan1, Ekrem Yeter1
1Department Of Cardiology, Dışkapı Yıldırım Beyazıt Training And Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
2Department Of Cardiology, Keçiören Training And Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey


OBJECTIVE
Effects of various conditions on coronary artery dimensions is an important research topic, and data regarding effect of aortic valvular diseases are limited. Aim of the present study was to investigate effects of aortic regurgitation (AR) and aortic stenosis (AS) on coronary artery dimensions.

METHODS
Coronary dimensions of 95 patients (35 with isolated AR, 30 with isolated AS, and 30 without any valvular disease) were calculated. Patients with severe coronary artery disease and concurrent moderate to severe additional valvular disease were excluded. Mean diameter of major coronary arteries was determined using quantitative coronary angiography.

RESULTS
The 3 study groups were similar in terms of baseline characteristics. Diameter of left main coronary artery was found to be greater in AR group than AS group (2.66±0.57 mm/m2 vs 2.36±0.49 mm/m2; p=0.015). Mean diameter of left anterior descending and left circumflex arteries were found to be similar in AR and AS groups, and greater than control group. Mean diameter of right coronary artery was found to be greater in AR group compared with controls; however, no significant difference was found in same measurement between AS group and controls.

CONCLUSION
Present study findings indicate that coronary dimensions in AR group tend to be greater than AS group. Further studies investigating factors that affect coronary dimensions would be beneficial in order to demonstrate mechanisms and differences in AR and AS groups.

Keywords: Aortic stenosis, aortic regurgitation, coronary artery dimension.

How to cite this article
Hamza Sunman, Mehmet Erat, Kadriye Gayretli Yayla, Engin Algül, Mehmet Aytürk, Lale Dinç Asarcıklı, Murat Bilgin, Tolga Çimen, Ahmet Akyel, Sadık Açıkel, Mehmet Doğan, Ekrem Yeter. Comparison of coronary artery dimensions in patients with chronic aortic regurgitation or stenosis. Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2016; 44(8): 656-662

Corresponding Author: Hamza Sunman, Türkiye
© Copyright 2019 Archives of the Turkish Society of Cardiology
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